Improving African Plant Breeding
Students at the African Plant Breeding Academy in Nairobi, Kenya, conduct lab studies. (Catherine Watson/ICRAF (World Agroforestry Centre) photo)
The African Plant Breeding Academy, run by the University of California, Davis, in collaboration with Mars Incorporated and their global partners, today graduated its first class of plant breeders in Nairobi, Kenya.
The academy, a program of the African Orphan Crops Consortium, is based at the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) in Nairobi. It is designed to increase food security and help eliminate malnutrition and stunting among Africa’s youth. A total of 250 new plant breeders will be trained, enabling them to develop traditional African plants and trees that are important to African diets into hardier and more nutritious crops for smallholder African farmers in the region.
The first class of 21 graduates includes four women and 17 men, representing 11 nations and 19 institutions throughout Africa.
“These men and women hold the future for a healthy, well-fed Africa in their hands,” said Allen Van Deynze, director of research at the UC Davis Seed Biotechnology Center. “They are returning to their home countries and institutions equipped to develop new and improved varieties of long-overlooked African plants and trees.”
Howard-Yana Shapiro, chief agricultural officer for Mars Incorporated and a senior fellow in the UC Davis Department of Plant Sciences and World Agroforestry Centre, said, “The academy and the associated African Orphan Crops Consortium have tremendous potential for improving the health and well-being of Africa’s children, more than 35 percent of whom suffer from malnutrition and stunting.”
Shapiro continued: “The knowledge and experience these new graduates have will enable them to apply modern scientific techniques to some of Africa’s oldest crops and, in so doing, meet the nutritional needs of millions of African farmers and their children.”
Improving African ‘orphan’ crops
The African Orphan Crops Consortium plans to use the latest scientific equipment and techniques to sequence, assemble and annotate the genomes of 101 African “orphan” crops so that they can be developed into reliable sources of nutritious food.
The orphan crops are traditional African crops that have been long neglected by the research community because they are not seen as an economic priority on the global market. They include cocoyam, hibiscus, shea and the Bambara groundnut, as well as 35 tree crops including Baobab and Dacryoidis edulis, or African plum.
The data derived will be made publicly available with the endorsement of the African Union through a process managed by the Public Intellectual Property Resource for Agriculture.
African Plant Breeding Academy
During their academy training, the students are shown how to identify diversity within a plant species at the molecular level and determine which specific points within the plant’s genome should be the focus of a breeding strategy. This approach enables them to make improvements in plant species much more quickly than they could using only traditional breeding techniques.
The genomic approach will be particularly useful in speeding up improvements in the 35 orphan tree crops. Tree crops are challenging to improve because they take longer to mature and require more space to grow than do field crops.
Plant materials developed by the plant breeders trained at the academy will be offered to smallholder farmers throughout Africa.
More information about the academy and the new graduates is available at the World Agroforestry Centre blog.
Opportunities for future academy students
Applications for the second African Plant Breeding Academy session, to begin in June 2015 in Nairobi, are now being accepted. More information. Applications are due Feb. 15, 2015.
The African Plant Breeding Academy is conducted in collaboration with the African Union, New Partnership for Africa’s Development Agency, and the African Orphan Crops Consortium.
UC's Global Food Initiative
UC Davis is participating in UC’s Global Food Initiative launched by UC President Janet Napolitano, harnessing the collective power of UC to help feed the world and steer it on the path to sustainability.
- African Orphan Crops Consortium announces 100 crops for sequencing
- UC Davis celebrates opening of African Plant Breeding Academy
- UC Davis launches African Plant Breeding Academy